A Guide’s View of London Theatreland

As a London Blue Badge Tour Guide I’ve been leading a wide variety of tours for the past 20 years but my favourites are the Theatreland Walking Tours.  These tours give me a chance to indulge my passions – London history and theatregoing. I love all types of theatre from Shakespeare to Contemporary and attend a couple of shows a week so that I can keep walkers up to date on the latest theatre scene while revealing the secrets of London’s theatrical history.

Elizabethan London

It all began in 1576 with London’s first purpose built Elizabethan theatre which had the rather uninspired title of “The Theatre”. In those days London was a walled city and theatres, which had bad reputations as magnets for rowdy, unkempt audiences, had to be built outside the City Walls in areas such as Shoreditch and Bankside. It was on the Bankside where the Globe Theatre, home to Shakespeare and his fellow players,  was erected in 1599. Sadly the original Globe burned down in 1613 when a cannon was fired during a performance of “King Henry VIII”, so we have to cross the river to Covent Garden to find London’s oldest existing theatre.

Theatre Royal, Drury Lane
Theatre Royal, Drury Lane –  home to West End Theatre since 1663

The Restoration

For 20 years London’s theatres were closed by order of the Puritans but the restoration of King Charles II saw two theatre companies being awarded royal patents. One of these, the King’s Men, built a theatre in Bridges Street, now Catherine Street, in 1663 and this was later renamed the Theatre Royal Drury Lane. Today’s impressive 1811 Theatre Royal is the fifth on the site. It was one of the first theatres to allow women on stage and the main female performer was former orange seller Nell Gwyn. Many London theatres claim to be haunted and this is the most haunted of the lot, boasting a “man in grey” who only appears during successful runs and the ghost of clown Joey Grimaldi who has been known to give bad actors a kick in the behind!

Rising Prices

King Charles II’s other Royal Patent went to the Duke’s Men who established the Covent Garden Theatre in Bow Street, later to become the famous Royal Opera House.  Today’s Royal Opera House dates back to 1858 after its predecessors both burned down. After the first theatre was rebuilt in 1809 manager John Philip Kemble increased the prices and the audience rioted for 60 nights! In 1848 the theatre turned to opera and became the Royal Italian Opera House, later dropping the word “Italian” and embracing ballet after the 2nd World War.

The Hollywood A-Listers love affair with the West End
Hollywood A-Lists love affair embraces the West End – from Donmar to Noel Coward and beyond.

The Hollywood A-List

Just a short distance away you will find the Donmar Warehouse. Originally a brewery store, then a banana ripening warehouse, this Victorian building was converted by theatrical producer Donald Albery into a rehearsal studio for the London Festival Ballet which he formed with prima ballerina Margot Fonteyn – hence the  unusual name. The late 1970s saw the building leased by the RSC for small scale productions. When they left it became a venue for touring productions but since a 1992 refurbishment it has been a producing theatre. The Donmar’s reputation is so great that it has attracted star names including Gwyneth Paltrow and Nicole Kidman whose performance in David Hare’s “The Blue Room” was described by one excited theatre critic as “pure theatrical Viagra”.

Shaftesbury Avenue

A five minute walk from the Donmar takes you to Shaftesbury Avenue where you will find several late Victorian/Edwardian theatres. These were the result of a theatre building boom after rules restricting serious drama to the legitimate “royal” theatres had been lifted.   The jewel in Shaftesbury Avenue’s crown is the Palace Theatre at Cambridge Circus. Built in 1891 as the Royal English Opera House, before long and with a changed name,  it was hosting musicals such as “On Your Toes” and “The Sound of Music”. “Les Miserables” enjoyed a long run at the Palace before moving down the road to the Queen’s and “Harry Potter and the Cursed Child” now beckons.

London's beautiful Palace Theatre at the very heart of Theatreland
London’s beautiful Palace Theatre at the very heart of Theatreland

Wilde About Oscar

One of our most beautiful theatre exteriors can be found in the Haymarket. This theatre boasts the smartest stage door in town (viewed from Suffolk Street) with a plaque to Oscar Wilde whose “Ideal Husband” and “A Woman of No Importance” played here in the 1890s. The flamboyant actor manager in Wilde’s day was Herbert Beerbohm Tree who went onto manage Her Majesty’s Theatre opposite, a building which changes name whenever we have a change in sex of monarch (for a long time it was His Majesty’s). For the past 30 years of Her Majesty’s life,  “The Phantom of Opera” has been in residence, an apt choice of production as formerly an opera house stood on the site.

Join Us

This ends our whirlwind introduction to the central London Theatre scene. If you’d like to discover more then join me on the Theatreland Walking Tour.

Tours, which finish with a cream tea at a café in the heart of the West End,  take place on 22 May, 3 July, 7 August, 4 September and 9 October at 2pm.

Cost: £18 per person including walking tour and tea with scones, cream and jam and the chance to chat with fellow theatre lovers.

You can book your Theatreland Walking Tour via paypal here and I look forward to meeting you…

Diane Burstein x

Diane Burstein
Tour Guide Diane Burstein

Diane is one of London’s best known tourist guides as a result of six years of radio broadcasts on the subject of “Secret London” on LBC 97.3fm’s Steve Allen Show and current contributions to BBC London’s Saturday Breakfast Show.

NELL GWYNN: RESTORATION BOND GIRL

“They’ve disgraced our trade. Ruined our art. They’ve put a woman on the stage.”

At first glance, James Bond and Restoration Comedy might not seem to be natural bed-fellows. But dig a little deeper and you’ll find both contain a world of brave, brash and bawdy women unafraid to charm and calculate their way to notoriety. The Pussy Galore of the Seventeenth Century was without doubt Nell Gwynn, a woman who helped to challenge the male dominated world of British Theatre and went on to immortality in the names of numerous pubs.

So who better to play this Jewel of the Restoration than Bond Girl Gemma Arterton? One of the finest young talents of her generation, don’t underestimate Arterton’s versatility. She is a fine stage actress with a hugely diverse CV ranging from leading roles in Ibsen’s The Master Builder (Almeida) to Made In Dagenham (Adelphi). Like Nell herself, Arterton is ambitious, witty and fearless.

Jessica Swale’s blissfully entertaining comedy, Nell Gwynn, comes to the Apollo Theatre from 4th February 2016. Nell Gwynn celebrates an unlikely heroine, who went from Front of House orange seller to top comedy Actress, winning the adoration of the public and the heart of the King in the process.

Nell Gwynn by Jessica Swale
Nell Gwynn by Jessica Swale: Feat. Gemma Arterton

Although best known now as the mistress of King Charles II, here are five things you may not know about Nell Gwynn:

  1. She was nick-named “Cinder Nelly” and did actually buy a glass carriage!
  2. She had a mouth like a sewer
    Courtiers at the Palace said ‘Anybody may know she has been an orange-wench by her swearing’
  3. Her son was the Duke of St Albans
    Nell made good use of her filthy tongue. She reputedly called “Come here you little bastard” to her son in front of a horrified King. As Nell said, “what should she call him, was not bastard true?” A Dukedom followed very quickly.
  4. Nell’s greatest rival was the Duchess of Portsmouth, the Catholic Louise de Keroualle
    When Nell was insulted by a crowd, she leant out of her carriage and cried “Pray good people be civil, I am the Protestant whore”
  5. She almost ended up in the Debtor’s Prison
    Following King Charles’s death in 1685, Nell appealed to King James who settled her immediate debts and provided her a pension of £1500 a year
Nell Gwynn: Used her considerable wit and charms to change British Theatre forever.
Nell Gwynn: Used her considerable wit and charms to change British Theatre forever.

Following a critically acclaimed and sell-out limited season of 11 performances at Shakespeare’s Globe, don’t miss this opportunity to see Nell Gwynn in the West End.

Until 30th Apr 2016
Apollo Theatre, Shaftesbury Avenue

‘A delight, silly and serious… full of crowd pleasers, lilting music and sumptuous costumes… there is even a dog.’

★★★★

The Times

‘Falls between Restoration comedy, My Fair Lady, Carry On films and Blackadder.’

★★★★